Truth Frequency Radio

Jul 24, 2020

To the teacher of the subject "Defense of the Fatherland" to prepare educational material base for carrying out "Day of TsO".

Senior students may be involved in the preparation and conduct of OBJD classes in elementary school.

The "CO Day" ends with a summary. The school principal gives an indication of the place and time of summarizing and on the basis of personal observations of students and teachers, as well as reports of the staff and his deputies summarizes the implementation of planned activities on OBZhD and CO. In the final part of his speech, the director notes how the goal was achieved and how the tasks of the "Day of the Central Committee" are solved, evaluates the actions of the formations, notes the courageous and proactive actions of students.

Based on these results, an order is issued by the school principal on the results of the "Day of the Central Committee". Based on these results, practical measures can be developed to eliminate the identified shortcomings, make the necessary changes to the plan of the CA and more.

Personnel of the school: formations, teams, classes, students, teachers who excelled during the implementation of civil defense activities, competitions, quizzes, relay races are awarded prizes, diplomas, souvenirs.

After the general analysis, class teachers summarize, analyze the work of each student, identify those who have succeeded in their classes.

Organization of quizzes with CO

A jury for each class is appointed to conduct the quizzes. It is advisable to include students of X – XI grades in the jury for junior classes. To conduct the quiz, the class is divided into teams. The jury announces the question and the number of points for each answer. For the comprehensive answer the whole sum of points is accrued, for the answer with insignificant shortcomings – decreases by 1 point, for the answer with essential shortcomings on 2 points, for the wrong answer points are not appointed.

The question is put before the whole class, the one who wants – answers, the account is kept, both individual and team. For clarity and raising the competitive spirit, the table is drawn with chalk on the board.

Another version of the quiz question is prepared by students independently for the quiz. Teams compete, both the level of the prepared question of the team asking it and the completeness of the answer of the team answering the question are assessed.

All questions of the quiz do not exceed the scope of the research program.

Students who have demonstrated the most in-depth knowledge during the quiz can participate in the school Olympiad, the winners of which are awarded the right to represent their school in the citywide Olympiad with CO, held by the district department (city administration) of education together with the emergency department. and civil protection of the population, courses of civil defense of the region.

Organization of relay races with CO

Students of the third age group take part in the combined relay race in civil defense. The number of students in each team is not limited, it is desirable that each team had both boys and girls.

For carrying out of relays on civil defense there should be equipment of a route (directions, borders, in advance by the order of the director, the judicial office is created, the list of property is made, the documentation is prepared).

In the first stage, the relay may include 1-2 theoretical questions, the quality and completeness of the answers to which are assessed in the form of penalty seconds, which are then added to the final time shown by the team.

Before the start of the relay, participants are given the conditions for performing the exercises.

Stage options for different age groups may be different.


According to organizational and methodical instructions of the regional state administration and the plan of city management concerning emergency situations annually in the city of Nikolaev, in each area pass "Day of TsO". And every year the forms and methods of these events are improved.

City CO courses provide ongoing methodological assistance to schools in preparing measures for civil protection. On the eve of the "Day of the Central Committee" educational and methodical meetings are held with the management of educational institutions in order to acquaint them with the recommendations of courses on the organization and conduct of events on the Central Committee, together with the Department of Education planned demonstrations.

Usually, these demonstrations are prepared in advance and held in each district of the city with the help of city CO courses. We plan a list of activities with the heads of educational institutions, with whom we always find understanding, make new proposals to improve them, and additionally conduct practical classes with commanders of non-military formations of these institutions.

It has become a good tradition to invite to the demonstration events units of the fire and rescue service "01" units of the internal troops of the Ministry of Internal Affairs, which demonstrate their professional rescue skills. Such events are very spectacular and have a practical focus. They are needed not only for the exchange of experiences between educational institutions, but also for the practical prevention and response to emergencies. Such events are covered in the media. Therefore, each educational institution shows its creative approach, professionalism, skill to conduct events at a high methodological level.

Together with the Department of Education, the CO courses have already accumulated photo-information material, video material on the "CO Day" is used in the preparation of the following events.


Chief of Civil Defense – Director of Secondary School (Vocational School)

About preparation and carrying out "Day of civil defense".

According to the training plan on civil defense for 2007 in order to ensure high organization, quality and visibility of all activities

I order:

1. To spend "Day CO".

2. The main purpose and objectives of the "Day of the Central Committee" to consider:

2.1. Practical testing of students’ ability to act competently and clearly to protect their health and life in / languages ​​of emergencies.

2.2. Fostering students’ confidence in the effectiveness of CO activities.

2.3. Formation and development of students of high moral and psychological qualities.

3. The main tasks of the "Day of the Central Committee" are:

3.1. Improving the theoretical knowledge and practical skills of the teaching staff and students in extreme situations.

3.2. Practical testing of students’ ability to act on the signals of the CO, to use the means of collective and individual protection.

3.3. Training of the management and command-and-control staff of the Central School (VET) of the organization and carrying out of actions of the Central School.

4. To participate in the "Days of the Central School" (vocational school) to involve: ‘management and command and control staff of the school (vocational school);

personnel of non-military formations of the Central Command; all permanent staff and students of 2-11 grades.

5. To appoint school commissions on competitions, relay races, quizzes under my leadership consisting of:

Deputy Chairman – Chief of Staff of the Central Committee

members of the commission: deputy director, teacher of the subject "Defense of the Fatherland" subcommittee on holding competitions of the Central Committee:

chairman, members of the subcommittee.

6. To the chief of staff of TsO of school (PTU).

6.1. Develop a detailed plan for the preparation of the "Day of the Central Committee".

6.2. Develop judicial documentation together with the chairmen of the subcommittees.

6.3. To the deputy director on an economic part to provide carrying out actions of "Day of TsO" with necessary property.

6.4. To the teacher of the subject "Defense of the Fatherland" to prepare educational and material base for carrying out "Day of TsO".

6.5. Class teachers to conduct training, as well as to acquaint students with safety rules during the "Day of CO".

7. General readiness for "CO Day".

8. Control over the implementation of this order shall be vested in the Chief of Staff of the school’s Central Vocational School.

9. Order to announce to all permanent staff of the school (vocational school).

Head of the Civil Defense School (VET).


Law of Ukraine on Civil Defense in 2000. Civil Defense of the Population in 2001. Methodical instructions for holding a day of civil defense at school. Professional magazine "Defense of the Fatherland" 2-2000 years. Materials on civil defense of Vynohrad village council.

September 25, 2011

Accidents of nuclear reactors: characteristics. Abstract

In the field of radiation safety, two terms are used to refer to cases involving human exposure: radiation and radiation-nuclear accident

A radiation accident is any unplanned event at a facility with radiation or radiation-nuclear technology, if it occurs when there is a loss of control over the source and there is a real (or potential) threat to human exposure associated with loss of control over the source. …

A radiation-nuclear accident is any unplanned event at a facility with radiation-nuclear technology, if during its occurrence there is a loss of control over the nuclear chain reaction and there is a real or potential threat of spontaneous chain reaction.

According to the probability of occurrence and consequences of the accident, nuclear reactors are divided into design and off-design.

Project accidents are anticipated situations for the elimination of which animal farm chapter one summary the project provides certain means and structural elements and at the same time there is no significant re-exposure of personnel and certain groups of the population. Extra-design basis accidents are those that lead to significant destruction of the reactor core (> 20% of fuel rods). As a result, personnel and the population are re-irradiated and the environment is significantly polluted.

According to the scale of distribution of radionuclides, it is accepted to distinguish two types of accidents: industrial and municipal. In the event of an industrial radiation accident, the radiation effects are limited to the production premises and the territory of the facility, and as a rule, only the personnel of the nuclear facility are exposed to radiation.

A municipal accident is characterized by the spread of radionuclides outside the site, which requires measures to protect not only staff but also the public. Municipal accidents are divided into local, if up to 10 thousand people live in the accident zone, regional – with an area of ​​several settlements, administrative districts to several areas with a population of more than 10 thousand people, global – municipal radiation accidents , which extend to significant or the entire territory of the country. Global accidents include cross-border, with the spread of the consequences of the accident beyond national borders (Table 1).

To assess the situations that may arise during the operation of nuclear reactors, in many countries around the world, including Ukraine, uses the International Scale of Events at NPPs, which was developed by IAEA specialists.