German beekeepers have called for a nationwide ban on cultivating GM plants, reports the German NGO keine-gentechnik.de.
The call by the German Beekeepers Association (DIB), which represents almost 100,000 beekeepers, comes after Europe adopted controversial legislation enabling member states to opt-out of the cultivation of GMOs that have been approved at the EU level.
The beekeepers are urging Agriculture Minister Christian Schmidt (CSU) to implement a Germany-wide ban on cultivation. The Minister pleads, however, for letting each state decide individually.
The beekeepers counter that a piecemeal approach will not work. Bees fly up to eight kilometres in search of food, the DIB said, so a juxtaposition of GM crop cultivation zones and GMO-free zones within Germany would be “environmentally and agriculturally unacceptable”.
“Bees know no borders,” the DIB added.
The beekeepers’ demand for a nationwide ban could bring them into direct conflict with the new opt-out law, as experts warn that such bans may not be legally solid.
At a conference on the new European legislation hosted by the Hungarian Ministry of Agriculture in Budapest, Hungary, in April 2015, Dr H.-Christoph von Heydebrand of the German Federal Ministry of Food and Agriculture warned that a nationwide ban on GMO cultivation would be much harder to justify under the new law than a regional or local ban.
A lawyer from the EU Council, Matthew Moore, speaking at the same conference in a personal capacity, agreed that it would be far easier under the law to defend national measures that “do not extend to the whole territory”.
Mr Moore gave an example of the type of challenge that would-be opting-out countries will be faced with. If they argue that GMOs threaten small-scale and agroecological farmers in their nation, they could be asked: “Is the entirety of your agricultural sector really composed of small farmers whose domination by a large agro-industrial company and its single pesticide motivated you to act?”
This means that the ECJ will be more inclined to accept GMO cultivation opt-outs “in relation to a defined region than in relation to the entirety of the territory of a country the size of Hungary”. Any measure taken by an opting-out country to ban or restrict the cultivation of GMOs must not go beyond what is necessary to achieve the stated aim.
Mr Moore made clear that if opt-outs were challenged, for example, by the GMO industry, the case would end up in the European Court of Justice. And the ECJ has a presumption in favour of the EU single market.
In simple terms, that means the ECJ could take a lot of convincing to allow a country or even a region to opt out of cultivating a GMO that the European Food Safety Authority (EFSA) asserts is safe. Such an opt-out, if allowed to stand, could create divisions in the European single market and might bring the member state into conflict with the ECJ.
The current situation in Germany, with beekeepers ranged against government officials and pro-GMO farmers, also suggests that the new opt-out law will create internal divisions within a country.
The GMO industry may go down in history as having broken apart the European Union and set one sector of the food and agriculture industry against another.
Greatest Bitcoin Casinos On-line For 2021 The first reload is a 50% match as much as zero.05 BTC, while the second one matches 75% up to zero.05 BTC. The wagering requirement is 35x and you can redeem it by playing slots that have one hundred% contribution. The distinction is, Bitcasino enables you to do that...
Prime Bitcoin Casinos 2020 Bitcoins are only transferred from a Bitcoin wallet to a different pockets. The scorching storage collects all wagers and then transfers them to the chilly storage for safe preserving. The WildTornado bonuses will brighten up your Mondays, Saturdays and Sundays. Our Multilotto evaluation reveals that the site’s banking choices cowl 24...
Bitcoin Treasuries In Publicly Traded And Private Firms While they launched extra recently than lots of their rivals, the New York-based mostly cryptocurrency exchange has quickly built an excellent status within the crypto group. As mentioned above, in the early years of Bitcoin it was difficult to find a trustworthy place to buy the cryptocurrency...
Bitcoin Falls As Much As 6% As It Pulls Back From Report High It’s not backed by any physical asset, like gold or silver, and there’s no central regulator to ensure that the worth remains stable. Furthermore, bitcoin worth isn’t linked to the profits of any one company. When there are extra people buying bitcoin,...
How The Bitcoin Protocol Really Works At the moment, there are no obligatory transaction fees for Bitcoin. Individual customers and retailers can submit their purchases to the peer-to-peer network and easily await it to be verified on the next block. So to speed up transactions, many retailers and users add a transaction charge to extend...